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KIRAT YAKKHA CHHUMMA HONG KONG - 06-11-2013


KIRAT YAKKHA CHHUMMA HONG KONG

KIRAT YAKKHA CHHUMMA HONG KONG

KIRAT YAKKHA CHHUMMA HONG KONG

-ls/ft /fO{ ofof]Svf xªsªsf] d'vkq–onDa/, @)!#, c+s !$ df k|sflzt n]v_

 

ls/ft ofSvf hflt–;+lIfKt kl/ro

 

 

6f]k axfb'/ ofSvf

;+v'jf;ef, g]kfn

xfn–xªsª

!= kl/roM

@)^# ;fnsf] !( lbg] ;kmn hgcfGbf]ng ;+u} ;lbof}+ b]lv rNb} cfPsf] PsfTds /fh;+:yfsf] cGTo ;+u;+u} nf]stGq :yfkgf kZrft ljZjs} Ps dfq æg]kfn lxGb' /fHo xf]Æ af6 wd{ lg/k]If 3f]lift b]z g]kfn Ps ax'hftLo, ax'eflifs, ax';f+:s[lts tyf ax'wfld{s /fHo xf] . oxfF ljleGg hft hfltsf cf–cfˆg} efiff, wd{, ;+:s[lt, e]if e'iffx? /x]sf 5g . oLg} ljljw hfthfltx? dWo]sf] Ps xf] ls/ft æofSvfÆ hflt . k~rfotsf] knfog ;+u} k|hftGqsf] k'ga{xfnL kZrft s]lx dfqfdf ;+ul7t x'g yfn]sf] of] hflt xfn cfP/ eg] cfˆgf] hflt, efiff / ;+:s[ltsf] ;+/If0f Pj+ ;Dab{g ug{df nflu k/]sf] b]lvG5 . tyfkL cem} klg lnDa' hfltsf] afx'No ePsf] 7fpFdf a;f]af; ug]{ ofSvfx?n] lnDa', ;'Aaf / /fO{ hfltsf] afx'No ePsf] 7fpFdf /fO{ g} n]Vg] u/]sf] ;d]t kfOG5 . ;fy} g]kfn Plss/0f kZrft k[YjLgf/fo0f zfxn] ofSvf hfltnfO{ lbPsf b]jfg, dlemof, lhdL -lhDbf/÷lhldGbf/_ h:tf kb -ku/L_ nfO{ cfˆgf] gfdsf] k5f8L n]Vg] u/]sf] ;d]t kfOG5 .

 

@= gfds/0fM

ofSvf hfltsf] gfds/0f af/] ljleGg ls+jbGtLx? kfOG5g . k/fk"j{sfndf /fO{, lnDa" / ofSvfx?sf k'vf{ Pp6} /x]sf lyP . kl5 Ps efO uf]7 -ofS;f_ df a:g yfn] . o;/L ofS;f a:g]sf ;Gtfgx? g} ofSvf ePsf] ls+jbGtL kfOG5 . csf]{ ls+jbGtL cg';f/ k/fk"j{sfndf /fO{, ofSvf / lnDa' Pp6} ;Gtfg cyf{t bfh'efO lyP . bfh'efO 5'l6[g] qmddf Ps efOnfO{ …of] vfÚ eg]/ c+zaG8f ubf{ g} sfnfGt/df ofSvf x'g uPsf] xf] . ;fy} c?0f jf/L jNnf] ls/ftaf6 xfd|f k'vf{ lzsf/ ub}{ c?0f gbL t/]/ at{dfg ;+v'jf;efsf] r}gk'/ cf;kf;sf] If]q -jfgf 8fF8fufpF_ df Ps dfG5] vfg] ch/ªaf gfdsf] /fIf;nfO{ df/]/ k'/} ufpF g} dfgj ljlxg x'gaf6 Pp6f 3/sf b'O{ cfdf 5f]/LnfO{ arfpg ;kmn ePsf] x'+bf lt jo:s o'jtL;+u ljjfx ul/ 3/emd u/]/ Tot} ;fgf] sf7sf] 3/÷l8xL÷s6]/f] -ofS;f_ agfP/ a;f]af; u/]sf] x'+bf kl5 ofSvf x'g k'u]sf] h:tf ljljw ls+ablGtx? ;'Ggdf cfpF5g . h] xf]; xfn;Dd e]l6Psf ;/sf/L n]vf]6x? dWo] ;a}eGbf klxn] @!@ jif{ k'/fgf] sf:okq -lj=;+=!*%*_ df …ofsf dl´ofÚ eGg] zAb …ofSvfÚ zAb hflt a'´fpg] cy{df b]vf k/]sf] kfOPsf] 5 .

 

#= efiff, wd{ / ;+:s[ltM

cGo hfltx? em} ofSvfsf] klg cfˆgf] 5'6[} efiff 5 . ofSvfx?n] af]Ng] efiffnfO{ ofSvf efiff elgG5 . ofSvf efiff kmfªb'jf, d'ufnL, l5Gtfª, 5'n'ª, a]nxl/of; ;+u ;DalGwt /x]sf] ljleGg vf]hstf{x?n] atfPsf 5g . cGo ls/ftx?df em} cfˆgf] afs'nf] pkl:ylt /x]sf] If]qdf ofSvf efiff af]lng] ePtf klg cGo hfltx?;+u 5f;ld;] eO a;f]af; ub}{ cfPsf ofSvfx?n] cfˆgf] efiffx? la;{b} uPsf] kfOG5 . xfn o; efiffnfO{ n]Vo k/Dk/fdf ljsf; ug{ ls/ft ofSvf 5'Ddf s]lGb|o sfof{no, sf7df8f}+sf] k|sfzgdf w]/} k':tsx? k|sfzg eO;s]sf÷x'g] qmd hfl/ 5g eg] ljleGg a'l4lhjL Pj+ vf]hstf{x?n] ;d]t ofSvf efiff ;DalGw vf]h ub{} k':tsx? k|sfzg u/]sf / ug]{ qmddf /x]sf 5g . ;fy} Andrew Russel n] ;g !(*(–!(() :ynut cWoog u/]/ "Traditions in Transition : Sanskritization and Yakkhafication in East Nepal" eGg] lzif{sdf zf]w sfo{ ;d]t u/]sf lyP .

cGo ls/ftL -/fO{, lnDa', ;'g'jf/ cflb_ x? em} ofSvf klg k|s[lt k"hs x'g . k/fDk/fut cfˆg} d'Gw'd cg';f/ 3/ k"hf, lz/ p7fpg], 3/sf] d"nyfdsf] -d"n vfFaf_ k"hf, sf]v k"hf cflb ug]{ ub{5g eg] j}zfv] k"l0f{dfdf pef}nL -o'Rofª_ / d+l;/] k"l0f{dfdf pwf}nL -rf;f]jf_ ;d]t eJotfsf ;fy dgfpg] ub{5g . wfg gfr, 9f]n gfr, d'r'{Ëf / lagfof] ahfpg] k/Dk/f lnDa'x? ;+u ldNbf]h'Nbf] eP klg lbkfjnLsf] @ lbg dfq} gflrg] 8f]s]gL gfr -;fªbfª nfs_ eg] km/s /x]sf] 5 . 8f]sf]nfO{ wgsL b]jLsf ?kdf l;+uf/k6f/ u/]/] dlxnfx?4f/f dfq} gflrg] of] gfr ofSvf hfltdf dfq} /x]sf] 5 .

 

$= a;f]jf;M

lj=;+= !*@%–#! sf] ;dodf /fhf k[YjLgf/fo0f zfx4f/f ;–;fgf ls/ft /fHox?nfO{ cwLg u/L g]kfn clw/fHosf] Plss/0f ubf{ c?0f gbL k"j{sf] sf]zL / d]rL c~rnsf] kxf8L e"–efu k|zf;lgs PsfO u7g ubf{ of] If]q ;qy'ddf afl8of] . oxL ;qy'd dWo]sf] tLg y'd -ofS;fn]g_ leq /x]sf kfFr vkg, kfFr dl´of, bz dl´of / o;sf cf;kf;sf If]q g} xfn ofSvfx?sf] pbud:ynsf] ?kdf kl/lrt /x]sf] 5 . d'Vo ?kdf ;+v'jf;ef lhNnf leq km}lnPsf] of] If]qsf] l;df klZrddf c?0f gbL, k"j{df tfKn]h'ª / t]x|y'd lhNnf / blIf0f tkm{ wgs'6f lhNnf /x]sf] 5 . kfFr vkg cGtu{t jfgf, l;e'jf, :ofa'g, :jfrL / hnhnf -oflª;h'ª_, kfFr dlemof cGtu{t xflQ;'8], lsªl/ª, rfkfe'O{ cflb / bz dlemof cGtu{t dflb /fdj]gL, dfjflbg, jf3f, dflbd'nvs{, tfdfkmf]s, dflDnª, cfFlve'O{ cflb kb{5g . To:t} ul/ wgs'6f lhNnfsf 8fF8f ufpF -ofOt]g_, rfg'jf-r]Sr]gL_, df/]s–s6x/], cvf}{n] lhtk'/ -;fN9fª, du'jf, ;fkm', cfGb?ª_, 3f]nL{vs{, d'uf, d'9]jf;, s'?n], 8fF8fahf/, af]w], v'jfkmf]s cflb If]qdf ofSvfx?sf] afs'nf] a;f]jf; /x]sf] kfOG5 . o;} u/L t]x|y'd, tfKn]h'ª, kfFry/, Onfd, ´fkf, df]/ª, ;'g;/L / sf7df8f}+ pkTosf nufot g]kfn aflx/ ef/tsf] cf;fd, bflhlnª{, l;lSsd, d]3fno, gfufNofG8, sflnDkf]ªsf ;fy} e'6fg / adf{df ;d]t ofSvfx? a;f]jf; ub}{ cfPsf] kfOG5 .

 

%= hg;ªVofM

;a} eGbf kl5Nnf] ;/sf/L cfs8f lj=;+=@)^* ;fnsf] hgu0fgfdf ;fj{hlgs ul/P cg';f/ ls/ft ofSvfx?sf] s'n hg;+Vof @$,##^ b]lvPsf] 5 . of] ljut @)%* ;fnsf] t'ngfdf &,### dfq a9]sf] 5 . klxn] ofSvfsf] s'n hg;+Vof !&,))# /x]sf] lyof] . hg;+Vofsf] b[li6df @)^* sf] hgu0fgf klg ofSvf hfltsf nflu pT;fxk|b b]lvPg . !) jif{sf] cjlwdf &,### dfq a9g'n] klg cGo ls/ftLx? nufotsf hghfltx?n] em} ofSvfx?n] klg pQm hgu0fgfnfO{ :jtGq ?kdf ZjLsf/]g tfls ofSvf 5'Ddfn] b]z el/ ofSvfsf] hg;+Vof sl/a ^) xhf/ /x]sf] cg'dfg ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 .

 

^= lg:sif{M

g]kfnsf cflbjf;L hghflt ;d'bfox? dWo]sf] Pp6f ofSvf hflt klg xf] . o; hfltsf] k/Dk/fut ynfsf] ?kdf g]kfnsf] c?0f k"j{ kNnf] ls/ft bz lnDa'jfg, ;qy'd dWo] tLg y'd cyf{t kfFr vkg, kfFr dlemof, bz dlemof ofS;fn]g / To;sf] cf;kf;sf] If]q ;d]t dflgG5 . pQm ufpF 7fpF, vf]nfgfnf, agh+un, s'jf, wf/fkfgL ;a}sf] gfd klg ofSvf efiffdf /x]sf] 5 . ls/ft /fO{ / lnDa'x? ;+u ldNbf]–h'Nbf] b]lvg] of] hfltsf] snf, ;+:s[lt / efiff eg] cln k[ys /x]sf] kfOG5 .

;du|df eGg' kbf{ cfˆgf] ef}uf]lns d"n ynf], df}lns dft[efiff, ;f+:s[lts klxrfg, /Lltl/jfh, k/Dk/fut rfnrng Pj+ dfxfªaf, 5fDaf÷lah'jf cflb b}jL zlQm k|fKt -wfdL_ x?sf] d'Gw'dsf] dfWodaf6 wfld{s Pj+ ;f+:s[lts sd{sf08 ;DkGg ug]{ dªuf]n d"nsf cflbjf;L hflt g} ofSvf hflt x'g eGg ;lsG5 .

 

;Gbe{ ;|f]tM

!= ls/ft ofSvf 5'Ddf sf7df08f}+af6 k|sflzt ljljw k':tsx? .

@= ls/ft ofSvf 5'Ddf o"=s]=sf] j]j;fO6 .

#= u'un ;r{ ljlsk]l8ofdf k|sflzt ofSvf hflt ;DalGwsf] n]v .

$= b'uf{xfª ofSvf/fO{sf ljljw k':tsx? .

%= ;l/tf ofSvf / uf]kfn b]jfg nufotsf ofSvf a'l4lhjL Pj+ kqsf/x?sf] ljljw km'6s/ n]vx? .

^= ls/ft ofSvf 5'Ddf km];a's u|'kdf k|sflzt ljljw n]vx? ;fy} ufpF3/sf ofSvf a'9fkfsfx?af6 ;'g]sf sygx? .

 

 ;dfrf/ –! 

 æls/ft ofSvf 5'Ddf xªsªÆ sf] u7g

 

! clk|n, @)!# ;f]daf/, xªsª – hf]8{g l:yt sfpnf]g s/L xfp;df xªsªaf;L ls/fFt ofSvf bfh'efO tyf lbbLalxgLx?sf] e]63f6 tyf kl/ro sfo{qmd aLr æls/ft ofSvf 5'Ddf xªsªÆ sf] ljlwjt u7g ul/of] . k"jL{ g]kfnsf] ;+v'jf;ef d"n ynf]af6 wgs'6f, O{nfd nufot b]zsf ljleGg :yfgdf 5l/P/ /lx xfn xªsªdf a;f]af; ub}{ cfpg' ePsf ;Dk"0f{ ofSvfx?nfO{ ;d]6b} cfˆgf] efiff, wd{, ;+:s[ltsf] ;+/If0f Pj+ ;Dab{g ug'{sf ;fy} dbf{ kbf{sf] cj:yfdf Ps cfk;df ;fy ;xof]u ug]{ pb]Zo cg'?k ;j{ ;Ddltaf6 lgDg cg';f/sf] sfo{ ;ldlt rog ul/of] .

 

;Nnfxsf/x?M

!=        ;+/If0f ;Nnfxsf/ – >L s[i0f axfb'/ ln+vf

@=       ;Nnfxsf/ – >L ls;g b]jfg

#=        ;Nnfxsf/ – >L u+uf k|;fb b]jfg

$=       ;Nnfxsf/ – >L ;'lzn b]jfg

 

sfo{ ;ldltsf kbflwsf/Lx?M

!=        cWoIf – >L k"0f{ k|;fb b]jfg

@=       pkfWoIf – >Ldlt lnnf b]jfg

#=        ;lra – >L 6f]k axfb'/ ofSvf

$=       ;x–;lrj – >L u+uf b]jfg

%=       sf]iffWoIf – >L uh]Gb| b]jfg nufot pkl:yt ;a} ;b:odf .

 

gf]6 M– lkSr/ g+= @ ofSvf ;dfh xªsªsf ;+/If0f ;Nnfxsf/ >L s[i0f axfb'/ ln+vf Ho" af6 ;dfhsf cWoIf >L k"0f{ k|;fb b]jfg Ho"nfO{ awfO{ tyf sfo{ ;kmntfsf] z'esfdgf lbg' x'+b} .

 

6f]kaxfb'/ ofSvf

 

;dfrf/ –@ 

 ls/ft ofSvf 5'Ddf xªsªsf] e]63f6 sfo{qmd ;DkGg

 

 @* ;]K6]Da/,@)!# zlgaf/, xªsª – hf]8{g l:yt xªsª g]kfnL dxf;+3sf] sfof{nodf xªsªaf;L ofSvf bfh'efO{ tyf lbbLalxgLx? e]nf eO{ Ps cfk;df 5nkmn ub}{ c+u|]hL gofF jif{ @)!$ sf] pknIodf cfufdL @ km]a|'c/L @)!$, cfOtaf/sf lbg d+lslxn sG6«L kfs{ l:yt aL=aL=So"= :kf]6 O{nfsfdf xªsªaf;L ;Dk"0f{ ofSvf bfh'efO{ tyf lbbL alxgLx? cf–cfˆgf kl/jf/ ;lxt pkl:yt eO{ aL=aL=So"= ;lxt e]63f6, lrgfkl/ro tyf z'esfdgf cfbg–k|bfg  sfo{qmd ;DkGg ug]{ lg0f{ox? ;lxt ;DkGg eof] .

 

;dfh -5'Ddf_ sf cWoIf k"0f{ k|;fb b]jfgsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg pQm sfo{qmdf pkl:yt ;dfhsf ;Nnfxsf/x? ls;g b]jfg, s[i0faxfb''/ ln+vf nufotn] 5f]6f] dGtAo /fVg] qmddf ofSvf 5'Ddf u7g ug'{sf] pb]Zo tyf dxTj af/]df k|sfz kfb}{ cfpFbf lbgx?df cGo If]lqo tyf hflto g]kfnL ;+3 ;+:yfx? ;+u cfjZos ;dGjo ub}{ cuf8L a9g' kg]{ wf/0ff /fv] . ;fy} b]z leq xf]; cyjf aflx/ xfnsf gofF lk9Lx?nfO{ lzIff ;+u} cfˆgf] wd{, ;+:sf/ / ;+:s[tL klg l;sfpFg' clt cfjZos /x]sf] atfpFb} h;sf nflu klg of] ;dfh u7g sf]z]9'Ëf ;fljt x'g] pNn]v u/]sf lyP .

 

;dfhsf cWoIf k"0f{ k|;fb b]jfgn] af]Ng] qmddf ls/ft ofSvf 5'Ddfsf] s]lGb|o sfof{no ;fy} ls/ft ofSvf 5'Ddf o"=s] / d]n]lzof ;+u ;d]t ;dGjo ub}{ cuf8L a9g] qmddf /x]sf] of] ;dfh em6[ x]bf{ hftLo ;+:yf h:tf] b]lvPtf klg cfˆgf] wd{, ;+:sf/ / ;+:s[tLsf] ;+/If0f Pj+ ;Dab{g ;+u;+u} b'Mv lk8f k/]sf] ;dodf Ps cfk;df ;xof]u lng'lbg' /x]sf] x'+bf o;nfO{ Ps lx;fan] ;fdflhs ;+:yfsf] ?kdf ;d]t lng' kg]{ atfP .

 

6f]kaxfb'/ ofSvf

 


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